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The Oasis of Al-Kharj through time : first results of archaeological fieldwork in the province of Riyad (Saudi Arabia)

- SCHIETTECATTE Jérémie, AL-GHAZZI Abdulaziz, CHARLOUX Guillaume, CRASSARD Rémy, HILBERT Yamandù, MONCHOT Hervé, MOUTON Michel, SIMÉON Pierre, 2013

Oxford, Archaeopress (Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 43), 2013, pp. 285-308, ISBN 9781905739653.

Archaeologically, only little is known of the prehistoric, ancient, and medieval periods of central Arabia, the Riyadh Province in particular. And yet, as one of the few watered areas in the Najd, it has played a significant role in the political, economic, and religious history of the Peninsula. In order to throw new light on this region, in 2011 a French-Saudi archaeological mission started work in the Kharj oasis, surveying the area. Several types of site have been located : middle Palaeolithic workshops, Bronze Age necropoleis, and late antique/early Islamic settlements and irrigation systems. The main results of this survey are presented here, focusing on two sites : al-Kharj 22, a middle Palaeolithic site, and the late antique/early Islamic site of al-Yamāma, which was one of the major settlements in central Arabia for almost half a millennium (fifth-twelfth centuries) and was occupied until the eighteenth century.

 
Sorbonne Université
Orient Méditerranée - UMR 8167
Paris Sorbonne Université
Sorbonne Université - Université Paris 1
École Pratique des Hautes Études
Centre Léon Robin sur la pensée antique
Patrimoines et Langages Musicaux
Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes
Archéologies d'Orient et d'Occident et textes anciens (AOROC) - UMR8546

© Labex Resmed - 2014